Coprosma acerosa f. brunnea Kirk
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 44
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2018 | At Risk – Declining
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Data Deficient
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Sprawling yellowish small-leaved shrub inhabiting inland open rocky areas. Twigs pale orange, slightly fuzzy at tip. Leaves narrow, small, with dark line down middle on the underside, in clusters of pairs scattered along twigs. Flowers tiny, with long protruding threads. Fruit streaked purple.
Endemic. South Island only where mainly eastern.
A species of inland river beds, moraines, and less commonly gravel and cobble beaches
Easy from fresh seed, semi-hardwood cuttings and rooted pieces. Prefers free draining soil in a sunny position. Most nursery stock sold over the last few decades as this species is not C. brunnea but an allied segregate of C. acerosa endemic to the Central Volcanic Plateau of the North Island.
Not Threatened. However, it ican be uncommon ove rlarge parts of its range, and is often heavily browsed by rabbits and hares.
coprosma: From the Greek kopros ‘dung’ and osme ‘smell’, referring to the foul smell of the species, literally ‘dung smell’
brunnea: From the Latin brunneus ‘deep brown’
Where To Buy
Occasionally offered by retail plant and specialist native plant nurseries.
Notes on taxonomy
Coprosma brunnea is part of the C. acerosa A.Cunn. complex, and many botanists prefer to regard it as either C. acerosa or a form of it. However, C. brunnea has been found growing sympatrically with C. acerosa, and remaining distinct from it, while nrDNA ITS and ETS sequences show that C. acerosa is a complex aggregate of at least 6 lineages (C. brunnea is one of these), and there are subtle morphological characters to support these lineages. Therefore until further research is conducted into this problem NZPCN think it better to retain C. brunnea at the rank of species.