Leptinella pectinata subsp. pectinata
Cotula pectinata Hook.f., Cotula pectinata Hook.f. subsp. pectinata
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledonous composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 104
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Endemic. South Island, east of the main divide from Marlborough to North Otago.
A montane to alpine species (300- 1600 m.a.s.l.) species favouring bare stony ground, open clay or loess pans, ablation zones within tussock grassland, and along the margins of stable scree and talus slopes. It sometimes grows in fell field and stony or rubbly herbfields
Monoecious, creeping, glabrate, perennial herb forming diffuse patches, or more rarely tight mats on open ground. Rhizomes at or near soil surface, stout, up to 2 mm diameter, somewhat wiry, dark, sparsely villous, glabrate to glabrescent; branches solitary, or in clusters of 4 radiating out from a flowering node, if solitary then arising if internodes are long; leaves initially clustered around shoot apex, often remaining crowded but sometimes spaced up to 20 mm apart. Short shoots absent. Roots extensive, wiry, much branched, up to 1 mm diameter. Leaves 1-pinnatifid, occasionally simple, 7-40 x 2-10 mm; blade up to 30 mm, elliptic, obovate, to broadly obovate, firmly coriaceous, dark green, finely and usually sparsely villous, glabrate, midrib not raised on ventral surface; pinnae 1-10 pairs, or absent, close-set or distant, cut to rhachis, linear to narrowly obovate, more or less cylindrical to flat, teeth usually absent, occasionally with 1-3 per pinna, these mostly on proximal margin, cut 1/2 across pinna, triangular, obtuse. Peduncles very much > leaves, 10-100 mm, ebracteate or rarely with 1 simply bract, glabrate. Capitula 4-8 mm diameter; involucre subcampanulate; involucral bracts 12-24, subequally 2- or more seriate, oblong, dark green to purple green, with 1-3 dark veins, with wide brown scarious margins; pistillate flowers 12-200, 2.25-2.75 mm long, straight, white, often with 1-2 dark stripes along corolla and ovary; corolla much > than wide, dentition equal; staminate florets more numerous than pistillate. Cypsela 2.1 x 0.7 mm, golden-brown, compressed, biconvex, slightly to deeply wrinkled.
The dark green, glabrescent, narrowly elliptic to obovate leaves, bearing narrow linear to obovate, sparsely toothed pinna, and long, fine, wiry, dark green scapes and distinctive small, white capitula mark this species out from any other of the New Zealand representatives of the genus. L. pectinata subsp. pectinata differs from subsp. willcoxii (Cheeseman) D.G.Lloyd et C.J.Webb by its glabrate to sparsely hairy rather than glabrous rhizomes, leaves and peduncles, by its narrower leaves, bearing usually > 5 pinnae (cf < 5 in subsp. willcoxii), and by the pinna which are linear to narrowly obovate (cf. broadly oblong to obovate). From subsp. villosa (G.Simpson) D.G.Lloyd et C.J.Webb subsp. pectinata is easily distinguished by its glabrate rather than usually densely grey-white hairy rhizomes, leaves, peduncles and involucre, and by its white rather than yellow-red flowers.
November - February
December - April
Papery cypselae are dispersed by wind and possibly attachment (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Easily grown in cultivation. Best propagated by division. An attractive free flowering and rather adaptable button daisy that does well in a free draining, sunny situation. It does not relish excessive moisture and humidity.
leptinella: From the Greek word leptos (meaning slender, thin or delicate), referring to the ovary
Where To Buy
Often sold by general retail and specialist native plant nurseries
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange 31 August 2006. Description from Lloyd (1972) - as Cotula pectinata subsp. pectinata.
References and further reading
Lloyd, D.G. 1972: A revision of the New Zealand, Subantarctic, and South American species of Cotula, section Leptinella. New Zealand Journal of Botany 10: 277-372.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Leptinella pectinata subsp. pectinata Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/leptinella-pectinata-subsp-pectinata/ (Date website was queried)