Red Hills hebe
Veronica laevis var. carnosula Hook.f., Veronica carnosula (Hook.f.) Hook.f.; Hebe carnosula (Hook.f) Cockayne,
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
2009 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon
2004 | Range Restricted
Low growing bushy shrub with erect branches bearing pairs of thick dished blue-green oval leaves inhabiting utramafic areas of the northern South Island. Leaves 6.2-12.3mm long by 4.4-7.4mm wide. Leaf bud with small pointed gap between leaves at base. Flowers white, in a spike to 3cm long.
Endemic. New Zealand: South Island (Mt Dun and Red Hills).
Montane to alpine in sparse Chionochloa defracta Connor dominated grassland, ultramafic boulder field and talus slopes, and under short, sparse scrub.
Spreading low or bushy shrub to 0.6 m tall. Branches erect, old stems dark grey, brown or black; branchlets brown or red-brown, pubescent. Leaf bud distinct; sinus small and acute. Leaves erect to patent; lamina elliptic or obovate, coriaceous, concave, 6.2-12.3 × 4.4-9.1 mm; apex obtuse or subacute; base cuneate or truncate; midrib thickened below (sometimes weakly), sometimes evident on the undersides of fresh leaves; margin minutely papillate; upper surface light to dark olive-green, glaucous or glaucescent, dull with many stomata, glabrous; lower surface olive-green, glaucous or glaucescent; petiole 1.0-1.5 mm, glabrous, rarely hairy along margins especially near base. Inflorescences with 6-22 flowers, usually lateral, rarely terminal, unbranched 12-30 mm long; peduncle 6-9 mm; rachis 13-25 mm. Bracts alternate or opposite, ovate or lanceolate, obtuse, subacute or acuminate. Flowers hermaphrodite or female on different plants. Pedicels absent or always shorter than bracts, 0-0.8 mm. Calyx 1.8-2.5 mm, 4-5-lobed, lobes elliptic, obtuse. Corolla tube glabrous; 1.2-1.7 × 1.9-2.1 mm, shortly cylindric, = or > calyx; lobes whites, elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or ovate, obtuse, patent or recurved, > corolla tube. Stamen filaments 1.7-5.2 mm; anthers magenta, 1.7-1.8 mm. Ovary narrowly ovoid, sometimes sparsely hairy toward apex, c.1.2-1.3 mm; styles 5.0-5.7 mm. Capsules obtuse or subacute, 3.0-4.5 × 2.6-3.0 mm, glabrous or minutely hairy, loculicidal split extending ¼-¾ way to base.
Distinguished from other New Zealand Veronica (subgenus Hebe) species by the restriction to ultramafic rock habitats, glaucous to glaucescent leaves (on both surfaces); an acute leaf bud sinus; simple rather than branched inflorescences; and inflorescence bracts which do not overtop the calyces.
November - April
January - April
Seeds are wind dispersed (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Results varying in cultivation, some people finding it easy to grow and others difficult. Can be difficult to strike from cuttings.
A Naturally Uncommon, range-restricted endemic which is sparse to locally abundant within its ultramafic habitat. There are no known threats to the species, although wilding pines pose a long term risk to the Red Hills vegetation as a whole.
veronica: Named after Saint Veronica, who gave Jesus her veil to wipe his brow as he carried the cross through Jerusalem, perhaps because the common name of this plant is ‘speedwell’. The name Veronica is often believed to derive from the Latin vera ‘truth’ and iconica ‘image’, but it is actually derived from the Macedonian name Berenice which means ‘bearer of victory’.
baylyi: Name for Michael Bayly (1970-) from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia who undertook his post doctorate in New Zealand revising what was then considered to be plants in the genus Hebe (Bayly & Kellow 2006).
Fact Sheet by Peter J. de Lange (4 August 2006). Description modified from Bayly and Kellow (2006).
References and further reading
Bayly, M.; Kellow, A. 2006: An illustrated guide to New Zealand Hebes. Te Papa Press, Wellington.
Thorsen, M.J.; Dickinson, K.J.M.; Seddon, P.J. 2009: Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309.
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Veronica baylyi Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/veronica-baylyi/ (Date website was queried)