This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Stewart Is 1987 (J137)

List name: Field Guide, NZJ Bot 25:81-131

Source/Observer: Field Guide, NZJ Bot 25:81-131 H Wilson

Number of observations: 793

District: Southland District

Date: 01/02/1978

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Abrodictyum strictum
(erect bristle fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Abrotanella linearisHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Abrotanella muscosaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Abrotanella pusillaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acacia dealbata
(silver wattle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena microphylla var. pauciglochidiataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(red bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena pallida
(sand piripiri, sand bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Acer pseudoplatanus
(sycamore)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Achillea millefolium
(yarrow)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Acianthus sinclairii
(heart-leaved orchid, pixie cap)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Aciphylla cartilagineaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Aciphylla dieffenbachii
(Dieffenbach’s speargrass, soft speargrass, coxella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Aciphylla stannensis
(Tin Range speargrass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Aciphylla traillii
(Stewart Island speargrass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Acrothamnus colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Actinotus novae-zelandiae
(New Zealand flannel flower)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Adenochilus gracilisOrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum cunninghamii
(common maidenhair, Cunningham's maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Agrostis muscosa
(pincushion grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Agrostis pallescensGrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Agrostis personataGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Agrostis stolonifera
(creeping bent)
GrassesExotic
Aira caryophyllea subsp. caryophyllea
(silvery hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Aira praecox
(early hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Allium triquetrum
(onion weed)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Alopecurus geniculatus
(kneed foxtail)
GrassesExotic
Alsophila colensoi
(rough tree fern, mountain tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila smithii
(kātote, Smith's tree fern, soft tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila tricolor
(silver fern, ponga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Anaphalioides bellidioides
(Hell's bells)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anaphalioides hookeriHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Androstoma empetrifoliumTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Angelica pachycarpa
(angelica)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Anisotome aromatica
(aromatic aniseed, kopoti, common aniseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anisotome flexuosaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anisotome haastii
(Haast's carrot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anisotome lyallii
(Lyall's carrot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – RelictNative
Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora
(blue grass, blue wheat grass)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Anthosachne solandri
(native wheatgrass, blue wheatgrass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Anthoxanthum redolens
(holy grass, kāretu)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthriscus caucalis
(beaked parsley, bur parsley)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Apium prostratum subsp. prostratum var. filiforme
(New Zealand celery)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Apodasmia similis
(jointed wire rush, oioi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Aporostylis bifolia
(odd-leaved orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Aquilegia vulgaris
(columbine)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Archeria traversii var. traversiiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Argentina anserinoides
(silverweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Argyranthemum frutescens
(marguerite)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Argyrotegium mackayiHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Aristotelia fruticosa
(mountain wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Aristotelia serrata
(makomako, wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Asperula perpusilla
(Dwarf bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium appendiculatum subsp. appendiculatum
(ground spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flaccidum
(drooping spleenwort, hanging spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium hookerianum var. hookerianum
(Hooker's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium lyallii
(Lyall's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium obtusatum
(shore spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium polyodon
(sickle spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium scleroprium
(southern shore spleenwort)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Astelia fragrans
(bush flax, bush lily, kakaha)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia linearis var. linearisHerbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia nervosa
(mountain astelia)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia subulataHerbs - MonocotsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Atriplex billardierei
(crystalwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Atriplex buchananii
(Buchanan’s orache)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Atriplex patula
(orache)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Atriplex prostrata
(orache)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Australina pusilla subsp. pusillaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum banksii
(shore hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum colensoi
(Colenso's hard fern, peretao, petako)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum durumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum lanceolatum
(lance fern, nini, rereti)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina
(little hard fern, alpine hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia richardii
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Austrolycopodium fastigiatum
(alpine clubmoss, mountain clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Avena sativa
(oat)
GrassesExotic
Azolla rubra
(Pacific azolla, azolla, red azolla)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Azorella cockayneiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Azorella haastii subsp. cyanopetalaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Azorella hookeriHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Azorella lyallii
(Punui)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – RecoveringNative
Azorella schizeilemaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Barbarea intermedia
(winter cress)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Bellardia viscosa
(tarweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Berberis darwinii
(Darwin's barberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Botrychium biforme
(fine-leaved parsley fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis bellidioides var. crassaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis repanda
(rangiora, bushman's toilet paper, bushman's friend)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis rotundifolia var. rotundifolia
(mutton-bird scrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis stewartiaeTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Brachyscome radicataHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Briza maxima
(large quaking grass)
GrassesExotic
Briza minor
(shivery grass)
GrassesExotic
Bromus catharticus
(prairie grass)
GrassesExotic
Bromus diandrus
(ripgut brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus hordeaceus
(soft brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus stamineus
(spikey brome)
GrassesExotic
Buddleja davidii
(buddleia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Bulbinella gibbsii var. gibbsii
(Gibbs's Māori onion, Gibbs's lily, Gibbs's onion)
Herbs - MonocotsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Bulbophyllum pygmaeum
(pygmy tree orchid, bulbophyllum)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Cakile edentula var. edentula
(sea rocket)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Caladenia chlorostylaOrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Caladenia lyalliiOrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Calamagrostis arenaria (L.) Roth
(marram grass)
GrassesExotic
Callitriche stagnalis
(water starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Caltha novae-zelandiae
(New Zealand marsh marigold, yellow caltha)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia silvatica subsp. disjuncta
(great bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Calystegia soldanella
(shore bindweed, shore convolvulus, rauparaha)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia tuguriorum
(climbing convolvulus, NZ bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Capsella bursa-pastoris
(shepherd's purse)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cardamine corymbosaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex acicularis
(sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex appressa
(southern cutty grass, tussock sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex astricta
(bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex aucklandica
(Subantarctic hook grass)
SedgesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Carex banksiana
(fine-leaved bastard grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex comans
(sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex demissa
(yellow sedge)
SedgesExotic
Carex dipsacea
(teasel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex dissita
(forest sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex echinata
(star sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex egmontiana
(bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex filamentosa
(Stewart Island sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Carex flacca
(carnation sedge)
SedgesExotic
Carex flagellifera
(Glen Murray tussock, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex flaviformis
(yellow sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex fretalis
(curly sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Carex gaudichaudiana
(Gaudichaud's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex geminata
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex horizontalis
(bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex imbecilla
(feeble bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex lectissima
(fine-leaved bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex leporina
(oval sedge)
SedgesExotic
Carex litorosa
(sea sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Carex megalepis
(bastard grass, caver's beard)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex obtusifolia
(fine-leaved bastard grass)
SedgesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Carex penalpina
(bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex petriei
(Petrie's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex pumila
(sand sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex punicea
(red bastard grass, frost flat hook grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex secta
(purei, pukio)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex silvestris
(forest bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex sinclairii
(Sinclair's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex solandri
(forest sedge, Solander's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex strictissima
(bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Carex subviridis
(hook sedge, bastard grass, hook grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex tenuiculmis
(slender wine sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Carex testacea
(speckled sedge, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex trifida
(mutton-bird sedge, tataki)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex uncinata
(bastard grass, hook sedge, kamu, matau-a-maui)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex zotovii
(Zotov's bastard grass, Zotov's hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carpha alpina
(carpha)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carpobrotus edulis
(ice plant)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Carpodetus serratus
(marbleleaf, putaputawētā, piripiriwhata)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cedronella canariensis
(balm of Gilead)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Celmisia alpina
(mountain daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Celmisia clavata
(Stewart Island silver cushion daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Celmisia durietzii
(Durietz's mountain daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Celmisia polyvena
(Tin Range mountain daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Centaurium erythraea
(centaury)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Centella uniflora
(centella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Centrolepis ciliata
(centrolepis)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cerastium glomeratum
(annual mouse-ear chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chaerophyllum colensoi var. colensoi
(mountain myrrh, oreomyrrhis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Chaerophyllum ramosum
(myrrh)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Chamaecytisus palmensis
(tree lucerne)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Chenopodium ficifoliumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chiloglottis cornuta
(bird orchid, ant orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Chionochloa conspicua subsp. conspicua
(hunangamoho, broad-leaved bush tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Chionochloa crassiuscula subsp. crassiuscula
(pungent snow tussock)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Chionochloa lanea
(Stewart Island snow tussock)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Chionochloa rigida subsp. amara
(narrow-leaved snow tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Chionochloa rubra subsp. cuprea
(copper tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis marata
(clematis)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis paniculata
(white clematis, puawananga)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis vitalba
(old man's beard)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Colobanthus affinisHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Colobanthus apetalus
(colobanthus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Colobanthus buchananii
(Pin cushion)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Colobanthus muelleriHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Conium maculatum
(hemlock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Coprosma acerosa
(sand coprosma, tātaraheke)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Coprosma areolata
(thin-leaved coprosma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma cheesemaniiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma cuneataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma decurvaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma elatirioidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma foetidissima
(hūpiro, stinkwood, shit shrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma grandifolia
(kanono, manono, large-leaved coprosma, raurekau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma lucida
(karamū, shining karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma perpusilla subsp. perpusillaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma pseudociliataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma pseudocuneataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma repens
(taupata, looking glass plant, mirror plant)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rhamnoidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rigidaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma robusta
(karamū, glossy karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rotundifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rugosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline australis
(cabbage tree, tī, tī kōuka, palm lily)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria arborea var. arborea
(tutu, tree tutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria plumosa
(feathery tutu, mountain tutu, small-leaved tutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria sarmentosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas acuminatus
(spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas macranthus
(silver-back spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas oblongus
(spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas trilobus
(spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Cotoneaster simonsii
(Khasia berry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Cotula australis
(common cotula, soldier's button)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cotula coronopifolia
(bachelor's button, yellow buttons, waterbuttons)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia deltoides
(korokio, mountain hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia fluviatilis
(kiwikiwi, kiwakiwa, creek fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia nigra
(black hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Crassula kirkii
(Kirk’s crassula)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Crassula moschata
(shore stonecrop)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crataegus monogyna
(hawthorn)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Crepis capillaris
(hawksbeard)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Crocosmia paniculataHerbs - MonocotsExotic
Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora
(montbretia)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Cymbalaria muralis
(ivy-leaved toadflax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cynosurus cristatus
(crested dogstail)
GrassesExotic
Cytisus scoparius
(wild broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
(kahikatea, white pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrydium cupressinum
(rimu, red pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Daphne laureola
(spurge laurel)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Daucus decipiens
(parsnip palm)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Delairea odorata
(German ivy)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Dendrobium cunninghamii
(winika, pekapeka, Christmas orchid, bamboo orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Deschampsia cespitosa
(tufted hair-grass, wavy hair-grass)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Deschampsia chapmaniiGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Deschampsia gracillimaGrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Deschampsia tenella
(hair grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Dichondra brevifolia
(dichondra)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia fibrosa
(wheki-ponga, wheki-kohoonga, golden tree fern, kuripaka)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia squarrosa
(wheki, rough tree fern, harsh tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Digitalis purpurea
(foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Diphasium scariosum
(creeping clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Diplotaxis muralis
(wall rocket)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Disphyma australe subsp. australe
(horokaka, native ice plant, New Zealand ice plant)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dolichoglottis lyallii
(yellow snow marguerite)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dolichoglottis scorzoneroides
(white snow marguerite)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Donatia novae-zelandiae
(donatia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dracophyllum longifolium var. longifolium
(inanga, inaka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Dracophyllum menziesiiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Dracophyllum pearsoniiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Dracophyllum politumTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera arcturi
(sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera binata
(forked sundew, scented sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera spatulata
(sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera stenopetala
(sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drymoanthus adversus
(fleshy tree orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina autumnalis
(Easter orchid, raupeka)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina mucronata
(bamboo orchid, peka-a-waka, spring earina)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Echium pininana
(giant bugloss)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Elaeocarpus hookerianus
(pōkākā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Elatine gratioloidesHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis acuta
(sharp spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis gracilis
(slender spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis sphacelata
(kutakuta, spikes of doom, bamboo spike sedge, tall spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Elytrigia repens
(couch)
GrassesExotic
Empodisma minus
(wire rush, lesser wire rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium atriplicifolium
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium billardiereanum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium brunnescens subsp. brunnescens
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium chionanthum
(marsh willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium ciliatum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Epilobium cinereum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium glabellum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium komarovianum
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium matthewsiiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Epilobium nerteroides
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium nummulariifolium
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pallidiflorum
(tarawera, swamp willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pedunculare
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pernitens
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pubens
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium rotundifolium
(round-leaved willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Erigeron sumatrensis
(broad-leaved flea-bane)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Erythranthe guttata
(monkey musk)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Erythranthe moschata
(musk)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Escallonia rubra var. macrantha
(red escallonia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus
(blue gum)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Euchiton audax
(creeping cudweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton delicatusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton limosusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton paludosusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesData DeficientNative
Euchiton polylepisHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Euchiton ruahinicusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euphorbia glauca
(shore spurge, sea spurge, waiu-atua, sand milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Euphorbia peplus
(milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Euphrasia dyeri
(creeping eyebright)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euphrasia repensHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Festuca bromoides
(vulpia hair grass, brome fescue, squirrel-tailed fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca megalura
(vulpia hair grass, rat's tail fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca novae-zelandiae
(fescue tussock, hard tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Festuca rubra subsp. commutataGrassesExotic
Festuca rubra subsp. rubra
(red fescue)
GrassesExotic
Ficinia nodosa
(wiwi, knobby club rush, ethel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Ficinia spiralis
(pīngao, golden sand sedge, pikao)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Filipendula ulmaria subsp. ulmaria
(meadowsweet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Foeniculum vulgare
(fennel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Forstera sedifoliaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Forstera tenellaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia excorticata
(kōtukutuku, tree fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia magellanica var. macrostema
(Magellan fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Fumaria muralis subsp. muralis
(scrambling fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Gahnia procera
(giant sedge, gahnia, mountain gahnia)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gaimardia setacea
(gaimardia)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Galium aparine
(cleavers)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium propinquum
(māwe)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Galium trilobum
(native bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gastrodia cunninghamii
(black orchid, black potato orchid, perei)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Gastrodia minor
(gastrodia)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Gastrodia sesamoides
(gastrodia, pot-bellied orchid, cinnamon sticks)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria macrostigma
(prostrate snowberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gentianella gibbsii
(Mt Anglem gentian, Gibbs's gentian)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Gentianella grisebachii
(forest gentian, common gentian)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gentianella lineataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – RelictNative
Gentianella saxosaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Geranium microphyllumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Geranium molle
(dove's foot cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Geranium sessiliflorum var. arenarium
(short-flowered cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Geranium yeoi
(greater herb robert)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Geum leiospermum
(geum, mountain avens)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Geum uniflorum
(alpine avens)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gingidia flabellata
(Stewart Island aniseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Glechoma hederacea
(ground ivy)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Gleichenia dicarpa
(tangle fern, swamp umbrella fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Gleichenia microphylla
(carrier tangle fern, parasol fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Glossostigma elatinoidesHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Glyceria declinata
(blue sweet grass, glaucous sweet grass)
GrassesExotic
Gonocarpus aggregatusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gonocarpus micranthus subsp. micranthusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia littoralis
(broadleaf, kāpuka, papauma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gunnera arenaria
(sand gunnera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Gunnera hamiltoniiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Gunnera monoica
(Native gunnera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gunnera prorepensHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gunnera tinctoria
(Chilean rhubarb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Halocarpus biformis
(pink pine, yellow pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Haloragis erecta subsp. erecta
(toatoa, fire weed, shrubby haloragis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hedera helix
(ivy)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Helichrysum filicaule
(creeping everlasting daisy, slender everlasting daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Herpolirion novae-zelandiae
(Grass lily, sky lily)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Hesperocyparis macrocarpa
(macrocarpa)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Hierochloe novae-zelandiae
(alpine holy grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Hierochloe recurvata
(holy grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hiya distansFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum
(barley grass)
GrassesExotic
Huperzia australianaLycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Hyacinthoides non-scripta
(bluebell)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Hydrocotyle dissecta
(pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle heteromeria
(waxweed, waxweed pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle microphyllaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle moschata var. moschata
(hairy pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. montanaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. novae-zeelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle sulcata
(pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum armstrongii
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum australe
(filmy fern)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Hymenophyllum bivalve
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum demissum
(drooping filmy fern, Irirangi, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum dilatatum
(filmy fern, matua mauku)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum flabellatum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum frankliniae
(rusty filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum lyallii
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum minimum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum multifidum
(much-divided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum nephrophyllum
(kidney fern, konehu, kopakopa, raurenga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum peltatum
(one-sided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum pulcherrimum
(tufted filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum rarum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum revolutum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum rufescens
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum
(filmy fern, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum scabrum
(rough filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum villosum
(hairy filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypericum androsaemum
(tutsan)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypericum pusillum
(swamp hypericum)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis ambiguaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypolepis millefolium
(thousand leaved fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypolepis rufobarbataFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ileostylus micranthus
(Green mistletoe, pirita)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ilex aquifolium
(holly)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Impatiens glandulifera
(Himalayan balsam)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Iris pseudacorus
(yellow flag iris)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Isolepis aucklandicaSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis cernua var. cernua
(slender clubrush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis distigmatosaSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis habraSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis praetextataSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis reticularisSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis setaceaSedgesExotic
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Juncus antarcticus
(dwarf rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus articulatus
(jointed rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
(toad rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus bulbosus
(bulbous rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus effusus var. effusus
(soft rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus pallidus
(giant rush, leafless rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus pauciflorus
(leafless rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Juncus planifolius
(grass-leaved rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus procerus
(giant rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus pusillus
(dwarf rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Juncus sarophorus
(broom rush, fan-flowered rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus squarrosus
(heath rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus tenuis subsp. tenuis
(track rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Kelleria lyalliiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Koeleria antarcticaGrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Korthalsella salicornioides
(dwarf mistletoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Lachnagrostis billardierei subsp. billardierei
(sand wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lachnagrostis glabra
(saltmarsh wind grass)
GrassesData DeficientNative
Lachnagrostis tenuis
(wind grass)
GrassesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Lactuca saligna
(willow leaf lettuce)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Lagenophora petiolata
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora pumila
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora strangulata
(parani)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagurus ovatus
(harestail)
GrassesExotic
Lamium purpureum
(red dead nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lapsana communis
(nipplewort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Lastreopsis hispida
(hairy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lateristachys diffusaLycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Lathyrus grandiflorus
(large-flowered everlasting pea)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lathyrus latifolius
(everlasting pea)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidium desvauxii
(bushy peppercress, narrow-leaved cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidium didymum
(twin cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidium oleraceum
(nau, Cook's scurvy grass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Lepidosperma australe
(square sedge, square-stemmed sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidothamnus intermedius
(yellow silver pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidothamnus laxifolius
(pygmy pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptecophylla juniperina subsp. juniperina
(prickly mingimingi, mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella dioica
(shore cotula)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella dispersa subsp. dispersaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Leptinella serrulata
(dryland button daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leptinella squalida subsp. medianaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella traillii subsp. traillii
(Traills Button Daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Leptolepia novae-zelandiae
(lace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris hymenophylloides
(crêpe fern, single crêpe fern, heruheru)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris superba
(heruheru, crêpe fern, Prince of Wales feathers)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leptostigma setulosumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leucanthemum maximum
(Shasta daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Leucanthemum vulgare
(oxeye daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Leucogenes grandiceps
(South Island edelweiss)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leycesteria formosa
(Himalayan honeysuckle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Libertia ixioides
(mikoikoi, NZ iris)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Libertia peregrinans
(New Zealand iris, mikoikoi)
Herbs - MonocotsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Lilaeopsis novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Limosella australis
(mudwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Linaria purpurea
(purple linaria)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lindsaea linearisFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lindsaea trichomanoidesFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Linum bienne
(pale flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum catharticum
(purging flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum monogynum var. monogynumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Liparophyllum gunniiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lobelia angulata
(pratia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lolium arundinaceum subsp. arundinaceum
(tall fescue)
GrassesExotic
Lolium multiflorum
(Italian ryegrass)
GrassesExotic
Lolium perenne
(perennial rye grass)
GrassesExotic
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lonicera periclymenum
(English honeysuckle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lotus pedunculatus
(lotus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lunaria annua subsp. annua
(honesty)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lupinus arboreus
(tree lupin)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lupinus polyphyllus
(Russell lupin)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Luzula banksiana var. acra
(coastal woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula banksiana var. banksiana
(coastal woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula celata
(dwarf woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Luzula colensoi
(dwarf alpine woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula congestaRushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Luzuriaga parviflora
(nohi, lantern berry)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Lysimachia arvensis subsp. arvensis var. arvensis
(pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Machaerina rubiginosa
(baumea)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Machaerina tenaxSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Macrolearia lyallii
(Subantarctic tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Macrolearia oporinaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Malus ×domestica
(apple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Malva arborea
(tree mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Matricaria discoidea
(rayless chamomile)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Mazus radicansHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Medicago lupulina
(black medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melicytus alpinus
(porcupine shrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus lanceolatus
(māhoe-wao, narrow-leaved māhoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melilotus indicus
(King Island melilot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha cunninghamii
(New Zealand mint, hīoi)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Mentha pulegium
(pennyroyal)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha spicata subsp. spicata
(mint)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha suaveolens
(apple mint)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Metrosideros diffusa
(white rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros umbellata
(southern rātā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Microlaena avenacea
(bush rice grass, oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microlaena stipoides
(meadow rice grass, slender rice grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microschizaea australis
(southern comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Microtis oligantha
(small onion orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Microtis unifolia
(onion-leaved orchid, microtis)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Montia fontana subsp. fontana
(blinks, blinkswater chickweed, dwarf montia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Montia sessilifloraHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia australis
(pōhuehue, large-leaved muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia complexa var. complexa
(small-leaved pōhuehue, scrub pōhuehue, wire vine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Mycelis muralis
(wall lettuce)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Myoporum laetum
(ngaio)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myosotis antarctica subsp. traillii
(pygmy forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Myosotis arvensis
(field forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myosotis drucei
(Druce's forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myosotis laxa subsp. caespitosa
(water forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myosotis rakiura
(Stewart Island forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Myosotis spatulataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Myosotis tenericaulisHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Myriophyllum pedunculatum subsp. novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myriophyllum propinquum
(common water milfoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myriophyllum triphyllum
(Water milfoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myriophyllum votschiiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine australis
(red mapou, red matipo, mapau, red maple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine chathamica
(Chatham Island matipo, Chatham Island mapou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine divaricata
(weeping matipo, weeping māpou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine nummularia
(creeping matipo, creeping mapou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
(daffodil)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Nasturtium microphyllum
(one-rowed watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Neomyrtus pedunculata
(rōhutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Nertera balfourianaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera ciliataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera depressa
(nertera, bead plant, fruiting duckweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera scapanioidesHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera villosa
(hairy forest nertera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis angustifolia subsp. nothofageti
(strapfern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis billardierei
(common strap fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis crassior
(dwarf strap fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis givenii
(strapfern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis heterophylla
(taupeka, comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis rigida
(southern strapfern)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Nymphaea alba
(common water lily)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Olearia arborescens
(common tree daisy, glossy tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia avicenniifolia
(mountain akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia ilicifolia
(mountain holly)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia lineataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Olearia nummulariifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia virgata
(twiggy tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ophioglossum coriaceum
(adder's tongue)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Oreobolus impar
(comb sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Oreobolus pectinatus
(comb sedge, cushion sedge, flat-leaved comb sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Oreobolus strictus
(comb sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Orobanche minor
(broomrape)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ourisia caespitosa
(creeping mountain foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ourisia crosbyi
(Crosby's mountain foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ourisia modesta
(creeping foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Ourisia sessilifolia subsp. sessilifolia
(mountain foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis articulata
(sourgrass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis exilis
(creeping oxalis, yellow oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis incarnata
(lilac oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis magellanica
(white oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis tuberosa
(Oca)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxybasis ambiguaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Ozothamnus vauvilliersii
(Mountain tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Paesia scaberula
(lace fern, ring fern, scented fern, pig fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Papaver dubium
(long-headed poppy)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum
(opium poppy)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Parablechnum novae-zelandiae
(kiokio, horokio, palm leaf fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum procerum
(small kiokio)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parapolystichum glabellum
(smooth shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Paraserianthes lophantha
(brush wattle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Parochetus communis
(shamrock pea)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Parsonsia capsularis var. capsularis
(New Zealand jasmine, small flowered jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pastinaca sativa
(wild parsnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Pectinopitys ferruginea
(miro, brown pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pennantia corymbosa
(kaikōmako)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pentachondra pumilaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pentaglottis sempervirens
(alkanet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Pentapogon aucklandicusGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon avenoides
(mountain oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon crinitus
(long-hair plume grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon quadrisetusGrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Persicaria maculosa
(willow weed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Persicaria wallichii
(Indian knotweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Petasites fragrans
(winter heliotrope)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Petroselinum crispum
(wild parsley)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Phalaris canariensis
(canary grass)
GrassesExotic
Phlegmariurus varius
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Phleum pratense
(Timothy)
GrassesExotic
Phormium cookianum subsp. cookianum
(mountain flax, wharariki)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phyllachne colensoiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pilosella aurantiaca subsp. carpathicola
(orange hawkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Pimelea lyalliiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Pimelea prostrata subsp. ventosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Pinus radiata
(Monterey pine, radiata pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Pittosporum colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus divaricatus
(salt marsh ribbonwood, marsh ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus regius subsp. regius
(mānatu, ribbonwood, lowland ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago australis
(swamp plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago lanceolata
(narrow-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago major
(broad-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago raouliiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago triandra
(Glossy plantain, starweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago unibracteataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa antipodaGrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Poa astonii
(blue shore tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa aucklandica subsp. rakiura
(Mt Anglem poa)
GrassesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Poa billardierei
(sand tussock, hinarepe)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Poa breviglumisGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa cita
(silver tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa colensoi
(blue tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa foliosa
(muttonbird poa)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Poa hesperiaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa imbecilla
(weak poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa incrassataGrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Poa kirkii
(Kirk's poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa novae-zelandiae
(drooping poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa pratensis
(Kentucky bluegrass)
GrassesExotic
Poa pusillaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa tennantiana
(muttonbird poa)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Poa trivialis
(rough-stalked meadow grass)
GrassesExotic
Podocarpus laetus
(mountain tōtara, Hall's tōtara, thin-barked tōtara, tōtara-kiri-kōtukutuku)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polygonum aviculare
(wireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polyphlebium venosum
(veined bristle fern, veined filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum neozelandicum subsp. zerophyllum
(shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum vestitum
(punui, prickly shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pomaderris apetala subsp. maritima
(tainui, New Zealand hazel)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Populus alba
(white poplar)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Populus yunnanensis
(Yunnan poplar)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Potamogeton cheesemanii
(red pondweed)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Potamogeton suboblongus
(mud pondweed)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Prasophyllum colensoi
(leek orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Prumnopitys taxifolia
(mataī, black pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Prunus ×domestica
(plum)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pseudodiphasium volubile
(climbing clubmoss, waewaekoukou)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbumHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax colensoi var. ternatusTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax crassifolius
(horoeka, lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudowintera colorata
(red horopito, mountain horopito)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterophylla racemosa
(kāmahi, tawheo, tawhero, tawherowhero)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis auriculata
(greenhood)
OrchidsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Pterostylis australis
(southern greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis banksii
(tutukiwi, greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis montana
(greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Puccinellia stricta
(saltgrass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Puccinellia walkeri
(Walker's saltgrass)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia
(leather-leaf fern, pyrrosia)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus acaulis
(sand buttercup, shore buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus acris subsp. acris
(giant buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus foliosus
(grassland buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus glabrifolius
(waoriki)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus gracilipes
(buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus kirkiiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Ranunculus lyallii
(giant buttercup, great mountain buttercup, Mount Cook buttercup, Mount Cook lily)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus reflexus
(hairy buttercup, maru, maruru, kopukapuka, pirikau)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus repens
(buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus stylosusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Ranunculus viridisHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Raoulia apicinigra
(mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia glabra
(mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia goyenii
(Stewart Island vegetable sheep)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Raoulia grandiflora
(large-flowered mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia tenuicaulis
(tutahuna, mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. maritimus
(sea radish)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Raukaua anomalusTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Raukaua edgerleyi
(raukawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Raukaua simplex
(haumakoroa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ribes sanguineum
(flowering currant)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Ribes uva-crispa
(gooseberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Ripogonum scandens
(supplejack, kareao, pirita)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Rosa rubiginosa
(sweet brier)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rostkovia magellanica
(rostkovia)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus australis
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer, swamp lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus cissoides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus fruticosus agg.
(blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus idaeus
(raspberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus laciniatus
(cut-leaved blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus schmidelioides var. schmidelioides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer, white-leaved lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus ulmifolius
(blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rumex acetosa
(sorrel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex acetosella
(sheep's sorrel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex crispus
(curled dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex flexuosus
(Māori dock, New Zealand dock, runa)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex neglectus
(shore dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex obtusifolius
(broad-leaved dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumohra adiantiformis
(leathery shield fern, florists fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma gracile
(dainty bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma nigricans
(bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma setifolium
(bristle tussock, mountain danthonia)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma unarede
(bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina procumbens
(procumbent pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Salicornia quinqueflora
(glasswort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Salix cinerea
(grey willow, pussy willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Salix fragilis × S. euxina
(crack willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Sambucus nigra
(elder, elderflower, elderberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Samolus repens var. repens
(Sea primrose, shore pimpernel, water pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Schefflera digitata
(patatē, patē, seven-finger)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Schizacme novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus concinnusSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus maschalinus
(dwarf bog rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus pauciflorus
(bog rush, sedge tussock)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Scleranthus uniflorusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Selaginella kraussiana
(Selaginella, African clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Exotic
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio biserratusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Senecio carnosulusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Senecio glomeratus subsp. glomeratus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio minimus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio vulgaris
(common groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Senecio wairauensis
(mountain fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Silene coeli-rosaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Silene gallica
(catchfly)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Silene vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
(bladder campion)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sisymbrium officinale
(hedge mustard)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum laciniatum
(poroporo, bullibulli)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Solanum tuberosum
(potato)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sonchus asper
(prickly sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sonchus kirkii
(puha, shore puha, New Zealand sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Sonchus oleraceus
(sow thistle, sowthistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Spartina anglica
(spartina hybrid, cordgrass)
GrassesExotic
Spergula arvensis
(spurrey)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sphaeropteris medullaris
(mamaku, black tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Stackhousia minimaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Stellaria alsine
(bog stitchwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria graminea
(stitchwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria media subsp. media
(chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria parviflora
(New Zealand chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Stenostachys gracilisGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Stenostachys laevis
(grassland wheatgrass)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Sticherus cunninghamii
(umbrella fern, waekura, tapuwae kotuku)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Stylidium subulatumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Taraxacum zealandicum
(New Zealand dandelion, native dandelion)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Tetrachondra hamiltoniiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Tetragonia trigyna
(native spinach)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra cyanea
(swamp sun orchid, striped sun orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra hatchii
(Hatch's sun orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra longifolia
(white sun orchid, māikuku)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra pulchella
(striped sun orchid, beautiful sun orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris elongata
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris tannensis
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Townsonia deflexaOrchidsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Tradescantia fluminensis
(wandering Jew)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Trifolium arvense
(haresfoot trefoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium dubium
(suckling clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium pratense
(red clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium subterraneum
(subclover, subterranean clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Triglochin striata
(triglochin)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Triticum aestivumGrassesExotic
Tropaeolum majus
(nasturtium)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Tropaeolum speciosum
(Chilean flame creeper)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Uncinia viridis
(green bastard grass, bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Urtica australis
(southern nettle, onga (Chatham I. only))
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Urtica dioica subsp. dioica
(perennial nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Urtica ferox
(ongaonga, tree nettle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Urtica sykesii
(native nettle, bush nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Utricularia dichotoma subsp. novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica arvensis
(field speedwell, corn speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica chamaedrys
(germander speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica elliptica
(kōkōmuka, shore hebe, shore koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica hectorii subsp. hectorii
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica odora
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica pauciramosa
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica persica
(scrambling speedwell, Persian speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica salicifolia
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica serpyllifolia
(turf speedwell, thyme-leaved speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vicia cracca
(tufted vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vicia sativa
(vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vinca major
(periwinkle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Viola cunninghamii
(mountain violet, white violet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Viola filicaulis
(forest violet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Viola tricolor
(heartsease)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Wahlenbergia albomarginata subsp. albomarginata
(New Zealand harebell, harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Wahlenbergia violacea
(violet harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Waireia stenopetala
(yellow beaks, beak orchid, horizontal orchid,)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Zantedeschia aethiopica
(arum lily)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Zealandia pustulata subsp. pustulata
(hound's tongue, kōwaowao, pāraharaha)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Zostera muelleri subsp. novazelandica
(seagrass, eelgrass, nana, zostera, rimurehia)
Herbs - MonocotsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Zotovia thomsoniiGrassesNot ThreatenedNative